Submission Guidelines

Please note that the presentation of a paper at the Postgraduate Forum is a prerequisite for submission. Submitted texts should be between 5 000 and 8 000 words in length, including a list of works cited. Authors/guest editors should submit their texts (preferably) online. Use this document as both an instruction set and as a template into which you can type your own text.


Contributors are kindly asked to include an abstract of about 60 words in English.

Short Biographical Note

Submissions should include a brief note on the contributor to be presented in the journal; so please sketch:

  • Your academic development and career

  • The focus of your research

  • Your publications


Contributors should provide 4-6 English keywords for their articles.


Authors are responsible to resolve the legal status of illustrations (copyright) to be included in COPAS.


Use this document as both an instruction set and as a template into which you can type your own text.


Texts should not be hyphenated, neither automatically nor manually. The use of typographical quotation marks is encouraged, as is the use of m-dashes (Geviertstrich) instead of shorter n-dashes. Please note that closing quotation mark(s) should follow the punctuation mark(s). A carriage return (paragraph mark) should only be used at the end of paragraphs; there is no need to enter it twice for spacing paragraphs. Indentations, such as at the beginning of new paragraphs, should not be made by authors. Please use emphasis, such as italics, bold print, and single quotation marks, sparingly.


The guidelines of the most recent MLA Handbook apply. COPAS requires the use of a parenthetical system of documentation rather than footnotes or endnotes. Footnotes should be used sparingly and should be reserved for actual comments. Citations in parentheses within the text point to sources. The list of works cited appears at the end of the article. In-text citations give the author(s) and the page number(s) (with no comma in between). If the name of the author already appears in the body of the text, only put the page number(s) in parentheses. An example:

Psychologist Jane Flax explains that women usually do not blame their mothers because they “tend to feel guilty that they are somehow betraying their mother in the attempt to resolve and terminate the symbiotic tie” (35).

If the list of works cited contains more than one work by the author, add the cited title in a shortened form after the author’s last name.

(Frye, Anatomy 278)

(Frye, Critical Path 1-10)

See the most recent edition of the MLA Handbook for more information.


Ellipsis points in square brackets mark omissions in quotations.

Quotation with an ellipsis in the middle:

Louis D. Rubin explains that “[h]istory […] remains a striking characteristic of the Southern literary imagination, black and white” (5-6).

Quotation with an ellipsis at the end:

Louis D. Rubin explains that “[h]istory, as a mode for viewing one’s experience and one’s identity, remains a striking characteristic of the Southern literary imagination […].”

For quotations containing an ellipsis in the original, three periods without brackets are used.

MLA Style

Type of Entry

Works Cited

Citation in Text

A book by a single author

McConnell, Frank. Storytelling and Mythmaking: Images from Film and Literature.New York: Oxford UP, 1979. Print.

(McConnell 32)

A book by more than one author

Gilbert, Sandra M., and Susan Gubar. The Madwoman in the Attic. New Haven, CT: Yale UP, 1979. Print.

(Gilbert andGubar 9)

A work in an anthology or collection of essays

Sattelmeyer, Robert. “Thoreau and Emerson.” The Cambridge Companion to Henry David Thoreau. Ed. Joel Myerson and Joel Tyson. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1995. 25-39. Print.

(Sattelmeyer 31)

An article in a journal

Sollors, Werner. “W.E.B. Du Bois in Nazi Germany, 1936.” Amerikastudien / American Studies 44.2 (1999): 207-22. Print.

(Sollors 221)

Online Journal

Landauer, Michelle. “Images of Virtue: Reading, Reformation and the Visualization of Culture in Rousseau’s La nouvelle Héloïse.” Romanticism on the Net 46 (2007): n. pag. Web. 13 July 2010.


A Periodical Publication in an Online Database

Tolson, Nancy. “Making Books Available: The Role of Early Libraries.” African American Review 32.1 (1998): 9-16. JSTOR. Web. 5 June 2008.

(Tolson 9)

A magazinearticle

Cowley, Geoffrey. “I’d Toddle a Mile for a Camel.” Newsweek 23 Dec. 1991: 70-71. Print.

(Cowley 70)

There are two web formats, one for regularly (1), one for irregularly (2) published sources!

(1) Ouellette, Marc. “Theories, Memories, Bodies, and Artists.” Editorial. Reconstruction 7.4 (2007): n. pag. Web. 5 June 2008.
(2) Green, Joshua. “The Rove Presidency.”
The Atlantic Monthly Group, Sept. 2007. Web. 15 May 2008.


Note: The MLA 2009 omits the URLs with all regularly published online sources! The entry of irregularly published web sources also contains name of the web site (not of the article!) as well as that of the sponsor or publisher!


I. Regularly published sources:

  1. Dionísio, João, and Antonio Cortijo Ocaña, eds. Mais de pedrasque de livros / More Rocks Than Books. Spec. issue of eHumanista 8 (2007): 1-263. Web. 5 June 2008.

  2. Shehan, Constance L., and Amanda B. Moras. “Deconstructing Laundry: Gendered Technologies.” Michigan Family Review 11 (2006): n. pag. Web. 8 Nov. 2007.

II. Irregularly published sources:

  1. Antin, David. Interview by Charles Bernstein. Dalkey Archive Press. Dalkey Archive P, n.d. Web. 21 Aug. 2007.

  2. Committee on Scholarly Editions. “Guidelines for Editors of Scholarly Editions.” Modern Language Association. MLA, 25 Sept. 2007. Web. 15 May 2008.